【专八】改错练习及答案解析(一)
发布于 6年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 928 次浏览 来自 其他

2016专八改革,对很多题型做出了删减或调整,但是2016英语专八考试中第三部分语言知识应用即改错并无变化。英语专八改错需要同学们运用语法、修辞、结构等知识识别短文内的语病并作出改正,很考验考生的语法能力,这里整理了2016专八改错练习及答案解析,希望考生们多加练习。

Before 1973, abortion was illegal in America unless the woman’s health was threatened. In March of 1970, Jane Roe, a single woman, instituted this federal action against the District Attorney of the country. The original idea was that women who truly did not want a baby should not have to have it. __1__Since pregnacy may be a blessed act when planned or wanted, __2__forced pregnacy, like any force bodily invasion, is anathema to American values and traditions. As legalized abortion has become an everyday part of American life, a different side to it has emerged out. 3   Where women once were aborting because they did not want a child, the reasons being given now were becoming very different. __4__Abortion has turned into something that women are being coerced from boyfriends’/husbands’ unwilling to be fathers, out of fear __5__of the financial pressure, out of the panic from losing their jobs, out of panic from having to quit the school, or becoming __6__homeless, or out of fear of their parents kicking them out into the street.Abrotion for these reasons can lead to problems which develop when a woman is unable to get round her emotional responses __7__from the trauma of an abortion. There are women who abort and do so completely of her own free will. These women have no __8__regrets, no remorse, but are happy they had this choice availble. __9__But a growing number of women are speaking up about how abortion effected them adversely. 10

答案和解析:   1.it–one   it和one用来指代时,it通常用于特指,one通常用于类指。结合上下文,此处应当指代前文的a baby,是类指,所以应当用one。   2.Since–While   这里考的是根据上下文的逻辑关系判断连接词的使用。前后两个分句是对比pregnancy和forced pregnancy这两个方面,所以应该选用表示对比的连用词while。   3.out–/   emerge一词后面不要受到中文的影响加上out;但是可以说come out。emerge可以和介词from搭配,表示“从……中浮现出来”。   4.were–are   虽然这一句从句中是过去时态,但是主句中谈的是“现在”的情况,所以应当用现在时态。   5.^from–into   动词coerce要和介词into搭配。coerce somebody into something,意思是“胁迫某人做某事”。   6.the–/   school 前带定冠词时通常是特指,不带冠词通常是类指。这里说“辍学”,应当是类指,所以不能带定冠词。   7.round–through   get through 的意思是“度过(经济,感情等的)难关”,get round有“说服”的意思,原文是说“客服流畅造成的情感创伤”,应当用get through。   8.her–their   这里的代词是指前文提到的women,所以应该是复数。   9.but (are)–and   从逻辑关系来看,这一句“很高兴有这个选择”和前文“没有遗憾、不后悔”是一致的、并列的,所以不能用转折连词。   10.effected–affected   effect和affect两个词形近,而词性不同,容易混淆。前者通常作为名词,后者是动词。


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