【语法】高考英语语法讲解:特殊词精讲
发布于 5年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 1289 次浏览 来自 高考

1.stop doing/to do   stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事,stop doing 停止做某事。例如:   They stop to smoke a cigarette.  他们停下来,抽了根烟。   I must stop smoking.      我必须戒烟了。   典型例题   She reached the top of the hill and stopped ___ on a big rock by the side of the path.   A. to have rested B. resting  C. to rest D. rest   答案:C。由题意可知,她到了山顶,停下来在一个路边的大石头上休息。因此,应选择"stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事"。而不仅仅是爬山动作的终止,所以stop doing sth.不正确。 2.forget doing/to do   forget to do 忘记要去做某事,forget doing 忘记做过某事。例如:   The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还在亮着,他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)   He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。(已做过关灯的动作)   典型例题   ---- The light in the office is still on.   ---- Oh,I forgot___.   A. turning it off  B. turn it off  C. to turn it off  D. having turned it off   答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth表示灯已经关上了,而忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。 3.remember doing/to do   remember to do 记得去做某事,remember doing 记得做过某事。例如:   Remember to go to the post office after school. 记着放学后去趟邮局。   Don’t you remember seeing the man before? 你不记得以前见过那个人吗? 4.regret doing/to do   regret to do 对将要做的事遗憾,regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。例如:   I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice. 我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。   I don’t regret telling her what I thought. 我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。   典型例题   —You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.   —Well, now I regret ___ that.   A. to do  B. to be doing  C. to have done  D. having done   答案:D。regret having done sth. 对已发生的事感到遗憾。regret to do sth. 对将要做的事感到遗憾。本题为对已说的话感到后悔,因此选D。 5.cease doing/to do   cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事,cease doing  短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。例如:   That department has ceased to exist forever. 那个系已不复存在。   The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by. 姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天。 6.try doing/to do   try to do 努力,企图做某事,try doing 试验,试着做某事。例如:   You must try to be more careful. 你可要多加小心。   I tried gardening but didn’t succeed. 我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。 7.go on doing/to do   go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事,go on doing 继续做原来做的事。例如:   After he had finished his maths,he went on to do his physics. 做完数学后,他接着去做物理。   Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one. 作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习 8.be afraid doing/to do   be afraid to do 不敢,胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不去做,意为"怕",be afraid of doing 担心出现doing的状况、结果。doing 是客观上造成的,意为"生怕,恐怕"。例如:   She was afraid to step further in grass because she was afraid of being bitten by a snake.   她生怕被蛇咬着,不敢在草丛中再走一步。   She was afraid to wake her husband. 她不敢去叫醒她丈夫。   She was afraid of waking her husband. 她生怕吵醒她丈夫。 9.be interested doing/to do   interested to do 对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事,interested in doing  对某种想法感兴趣,doing 通常为想法。例如:   I shall be interested to know what happens. 我很想知道发生了什么事。(想了解)   I’m interested in working in Switzerland. Do you have any idea about that?   我对在瑞士工作感兴趣。你想过这事吗? (一种想法) 10.mean to doing/to do   mean to do  打算、想,mean doing 意味着。例如:   I mean to go, but my father would not allow me to. 我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。   To raise wage means increasing purchasing power. 增加工资意味着增加购买力。 11.begin(start) doing/to do   begin / start to do sth /begin / start doing sth.   1) 谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing。例如:   How old were you when you first started playing the piano? 你几岁时开始弹钢琴?   2) begin, start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do。例如:   I was beginning to get angry。我开始生起气来。   3) 在attempt, intend, begin, start 后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。例如:   I begin to understand the truth。我开始明白真相。   4) 事物作主语时。例如:   The snow began to melt.雪开始融化了 12.感官动词 + doing/to do   感官动词 see, watch, observe, notice, look at, hear, listen to, smell, taste, feel + do表示动作的完整性,+doing 表示动作的进行性。例如:   I saw him work in the garden yesterday. 昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)   I saw him working in the garden yesterday.(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作)昨天我见他正在花园里干活。   典型例题   1)They knew her very well. They had seen her ___ up from childhood.   A. grow  B. grew  C. was growing  D. to grow   答案:A。因题意为,他们看着她长大,因此强调的是成长的过程,而非正在长的动作,因此用see sb do sth 的句型。   2)The missing boy was last seen ___ near the river.   A. playing  B. to be playing  C. play  D. to play   答案A. 本题强调其动作,正在河边玩,应此用see sb. doing sth句型。


更多精彩学习资料,请关注知米英语资讯平台 微信公众平台:知米英语 (微信号:ZhimiEnglish) 新浪微博:知米英语 百度贴吧: 知米背单词 (文章来源:网络)

回到顶部