【单项】单项常考知识点总结:情景交际(二)
发布于 4年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 848 次浏览 来自 高考

现就特定语境中的问与答及中、英语言习惯和文化背景差异两方面的考查热点及备考过程中常遇到的几个问题说明如下: 1.With pleasure和 My pleasure有什么区别?   With pleasure. 意思是 “非常乐意(效劳)”,常用于对别人请求的回复;My pleasure 和It’s my pleasure同义,是“不用谢、甭客气”的意思,是回答对方表示感谢的客套话。 2.如何表达 “别着急”?   口语中表达“别着急”通常用“take it easy”和“take your time”。但实际应用起来,两者在意义上还是有区别,要注意正确使用。Take it easy!含有“别紧张,放松些”的意思;Take your time!含有“别慌忙,慢慢来”的意思。 3.“come on” 在口语中可以表达那些意义?   “come on” 有“加把劲、加油”的意思,相当于“try harder;make an effort”。这一意义考生都很熟悉。“come on”还有“hurry up”(快点!赶快!)的意义;有时候也作“cheer up”(振作起来)解;“come on”还可以用来指责对方刚说的话不对,常翻译成“得啦!算了吧!”。    易错常考的日常交际用语 1.问候和应答   A: How are you doing? B: Fine, thank you. / Just so-so.   A: Please remember me to your parents. B: Sure, I will. 2.介绍和应答   A: This is Mr./ Mrs./ Miss/ Ms Brown. B: Hello!/ How do you do ?/ Nice to meet you! 3.告别   See you (later)! / Good night!( cf. Good evening!)/ Nice seeing you. 4.感谢和应答   A: Many thanks!/ Thanks for your help!/ I appreciate your help!   B: That’s all right (OK). / You are welcome./ Don’t mention it./ It’s a pleasure./ My pleasure.   (cf. With pleasure. 用于回答对方的求助、邀请) 5.道歉和应答   A: I’ m sorry.   B: That’s all right (OK.). / It doesn’t matter./ Never mind./ That’s nothing./ Forget it. 6.邀请和应答   A: Would you like to…?   B: Yes, I’d love to. / Yes, with pleasure./ Yes, it’s very kind ( nice )of you. / I’d love to, but I have other plans. 7.请求允许和应答   A: Could I smoke here? / I wonder if I could smoke here.   B: Yes (Certainly). / Yes, do please. / Of course you may. / That’s OK (all right). / I’m sorry, but it is not allowed / You’d better not.   A: Do you mind if I open the window?   B: Not at all./ Of course not./ Certainly not./ I’m sorry, but you’d better not. 8.祝愿、祝贺和应答   A: Good luck! / Best wishes to you. / Have a nice / good time. / Congratulations! / Have a good journey.!   B: Thank you.   A: Happy New Year! / Merry Christmas! / Happy birthday to you.   B: The same to you. 9.提供帮助和应答   A: Can I help you? / Would you like some help?   B: Thanks. That would be nice / Yes, please. / No, thank you all (just) the same. / No, thank you anyway./ That’s very kind of you, but I can manage it myself.   A: What can I do for you? B: I’d like to go to the No. 3 Middle School. 10.约会   A: Shall we meet at 4:30 ? / Let’s make it 4:00. B: All right. See you then. 11.打电话   A: Hello! May I speak to Tom? B: Hold on, please.   A: Is that Mary speaking? B: She isn’t here right now. Can I take a message for you? 12.就餐   A: Would you like some more meat? / Help yourself to some more meat.   B: Thank you. I’ve had enough. / Just a little, please. 13.看病   A: What’s the matter? / What seems to be the trouble?   B: I don’t feel like eating./ I’ve got a cough. / I feel terrible (bad). / I don’t feel well. / I’ve got a pain here. / It hurts here. 14.购物   A: What can I do for you? / May (Can I )help you? B: I’d like to buy a dictionary.   A: How about this one? B: That’s fine. I’ll take it. 15.问路和应答   A: Excuse me. Where’s the washroom? / Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office?   B: Go down this street. Turn right / left at the second crossing.   Sorry, I don’t know. I am a stranger here. 16.谈论天气   A: What’s the weather like today? / How’s the weather in Beijing?   B: It’s fine / cloudy / windy / rainy, etc. / It’s rather warm (cold / hot). today, isn’t it? 17.处理交际中的障碍   Pardon.! / I beg your pardon. / Please say that again( more slowly.) What do you mean by…. ? / I’m sorry I can’t follow you. 18.提醒注意   You can’t ( mustn’t) smoke here. / No smoking!/ Wet paint!/ Mind your head (step) /   Take care!/ Be careful!/ Look out! 19.同意和不同意   Certainly / Sure / Of course. / Yes, please. / That’s a good idea. / I agree   No, I don’t think so. / I’m afraid not. / I really can’t agree with you. / No way (决不,没门) 20.时间或日期和应答   A: What time is it now? / What’s the time? B: It’s about three.   A: What day is it today? B: It’s Wednesday.   A: Excuse me. Have you got the time? B: Yes, it’s six twenty.

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