【考研】“才”的用法
发布于 5年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 1155 次浏览 来自 考研
  1. (= a moment ago; just): 你怎么才來就要走? You’ve only just come. Why do you want to leave so soon? 他才回到家里,汤姆就来找他了. He had just got home when Tom came looking for him.

  2. (= not until; 前面加“时间词”): 他九点钟才来,太晚了. He didn’t come until 9 o’clock. That was too late. 大风到晚上才止住了.The gale didn’t stop until evening. 他走了两个钟头才走到.It took him two hours to get there. 你为什么這这会儿才说呢? How come you didn’t say anything until now?

  3. (= not unless; not until; then and only then; for no other reason): 他吃了三碗面才饱. He wasn’t full until he had eaten three bowls. 经他解释之后,我才明白是怎么回事. I didn’t understand what was going on until he explained it to me. 他说行才行.It’s O.K. only if he says so. 只有靠群众,才能把工作做好.Only by relying on the people can we do our work well. 正因为我们有困难,才派我们去. We were sent precisely because there were problems there.

  4. (= only;后面跟“数词”): 现在才八点钟,还早着呢。 It’s only 8 o’clock, so there’s still plenty of time. 才五五块钱么?真便宜. Only five dollars? That’s really cheap. 这孩子才五岁,已经认得不少字了.The child is only five, and he already knows quite a few characters.

  5. (= actually; really; 用于肯定或冲突,强调“才“字之前的词,通常句尾用”呢“字作语助词): 这才好呢!  Now this is really good! 你以为他傻吗? 他才不傻呢! You think he is stupid? Not him! 我才懒得管呢! I can’t be bothered! 或 I couldn’t care less. 你才是撒谎! You are the one who’s lying. 他要是不知道才怪呢!I’d be really surprised if he didn’t know.

  6. (表示事情在前不久发生;剛才): 节目才开始.The performance has just started. 怎么,才来就要走?Why leave so soon?

  7. (表示事情发生或结束得晚): 他昨天才离开纽约的。He left New York only yesterday.

  8. (表示只有在某种条件下或由于某种原因、目的,然后怎么样,前面常有“只有、必须、因为、由于”等配合): 非等起重机来了才能裝吗?Must we wait till the crane arrives before we start loading. 只有肯努力,才能得到好成绩.Only you study hard can you get good results.

  9. (对比起来表示数量小,次数少,能力差等等;仅仅): 1949年以前中国钢的年产量最高才90多万吨.Before 1949, China’s highest annual output of steel was only just over 900,000 tons. 当时他才五岁.He was only five years old then.

  10. (表示强调所说的事,句尾常用“呢”字): 麦子长的才好呢!The wheat is coming along fine. 他要是不知道才怪呢!It would be really strange if he didn’t know. 屋子里不热外面才热呢!It is not hot in the house, nut it’s really hot outside.


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