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发布于 6年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 1157 次浏览 来自 考研

机器人大战:科技背后的隐忧

It sounds like a science-fiction nightmare. But “killer robots” have the likes of British scientist Stephen Hawking and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak fretting and warning the machines could fuel ethnic cleansings and an arms race.   机器人变杀手,听上去很像科幻小说中的情节,但是英国科学家霍金以及苹果联合创始人沃兹尼亚克都对此忧心忡忡。他们警告世人:这样的机器可能会引发种族清洗和军备竞赛。   Autonomous weapons, which use artificial intelligence to select targets without human intervention, have been described as “the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms,” about 1,000 tech bigwigs wrote in an open letter on July 28.   7月28日,大约1000名科技界的大人物联名签署公开信,信中表示:自主武器可以使用人工智能选择目标,不需要人力介入,这样的技术也被形容为“继火药和核武器之后的第三次战争革命”。   Unlike drones, which require a human hand in their action, this kind of robot would have someautonomous decision-making abilities and the capacity to act on its own authority.   无人机还需要人来操控其行动,杀手机器人与其不同的是,他们某种程度上拥有自主决策能力,以及自我行动的能力。   “The key question for humanity today is whether to start a global AI (artificial intelligence) arms race or to prevent it from starting,” they wrote.   科学家在信中表示,“当今人性的关键问题在于,是去开启一次全球的人工智能军备竞赛,还是将这样的趋势扼杀在摇篮中。”   “If any major military power pushes ahead with AI weapon development, a global arms race is virtually inevitable,” said the letter released at the opening of the 2015 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aires.   2015年的国际人工智能联合大会在布宜诺斯艾利斯举行,这封信在大会的开幕式上公布:“如果有军事力量开始推动人工智能武器发展,全球军备竞赛将不可避免”。   The idea of an automated killing machine – made famous by Arnold Schwarzenegger’s Terminator – is moving swiftly from science fiction to reality, according to the scientists.   自主化杀人机器的理念,从施瓦辛格的《终结者》电影开始为人熟知。而科学家们认为,这一概念正从科幻小说中进入到现实世界。   “The deployment of such systems is – practically if not legally – feasible within years, not decades,” the letter said.   “部署这类系统——特别是非法部署——可以在短短数年时间内完成,不需要几十年的时间。”


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