【阅读】阅读理解专项训练(六)
发布于 6年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 851 次浏览 来自 六级

The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the major professional basketball league in the world, with teams from the United States and Canada. With the addition of the Toronto Raptors and the ancouver Grizzlies prior to the 1995~ 1996 season, the NBA expanded to 29 teams competing in two conferences, the Eastern and Western, in four separate divisions. Each team conducts a training camp in October to determine its 12- player roster. Training camp allows each team to evaluate players, especially rookies (first-year players), to assess the team‘s strengths and weaknesses, and to prepare players for the upcoming season through a series of on-court drills and practice of offensive and defensive strategy. After a series of exhibition games, the NBA begins its 82-game regular season in the first week of November.

In the second week of February, the NBA interrupts its season to celebrate the annual NBA All-Star game, featuring the game’s best players as selected by the general balloting of fans throughout the United States and Canada. After the NBA season concludes in the third week in April, a total of 16 teams qualify for the playoffs(常规赛季后的夺标决赛)(8 teams from each conference)。

Every June the league conducts its amateur draft, in which each team obtains the rights to the professional services of the best collegiate and international players. Any player who has graduated from high school and is at least 17 years old qualifies for the NBA draft if that player renounces intercollegiate eligibility. To determine the draft order the NBA uses a draft lottery, introduced in 1985. Those teams that failed to qualify for the playoffs the previous season are eligible for the lottery. The lottery determines the first three teams to select in the draft. The remaining teams draft according to their win-loss record of the previous season, so that teams with poorer records draft higher than those with better records. The NBA draft consists of only two rounds, with a total of 58 players chosen. Those players not selected in the draft can be invited to try out for a team and are sometimes signed to playing contracts.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage above.

1.According to the first paragraph,there are 29 teams in the NBA competing is divisions in two conferences?

A. eight B.six C.four D.two

2.The games before the NBA‘s 82-game regular season are_____.

A.exhibition games B.irregular games

C.intercollegiate games D.the annual NBA All-Star game

3.When does the NBA begin to celebrate the annual NBA All-Star game?

A.The third week in April B.After a series of exhibition games

C.The second week of February D.The first week of November

4.The word “renounce” in the third paragraph most probably means_____.

A.give up B.pause C.go down the drain D.make a name for oneself

5.Which of the following teams draft according to the their win-loss record of the previous season?

A.The top three in the previous season.

B.All the teams except the first three determined by the lottery.

C.The teams that failed to qualify for the playoffs the previous season.

D.The teams from Canada and other countries.

参考答案:

1.选A。本题为主要细节正误题。从第一段“the NBA expanded to 29 teams competing in two conferences, the Eastern and Western, in four separate divisions”可以推断,分两个区,每区四个组,一共八个组。

2.选A。本题为主要细节正误题。从第一段“After a series of exhibition games, the NBA begins its 82-game regular season in the first week of November”可知A选项为正确答案。

3.选C。本题为主要斜街正误题。根据第二段第一句“In the second week of February, the NBA interrupts its season to celebrate the annual NBA All-Star game”可知C选项正确。

4.选A。本题为词义推断题。“give up”的意思为“放弃,遗弃”;pause的意思为中止,暂停;go down the drain的意思为“越来越糟”;make a name for oneself的意思为出名,成名。由上下文可知,renounce应是宣布放弃的意思。

5.选B。本题为主要细节正误题。最后一段说“The lottery determines the first three teams to select in the draft. The remaining teams draft according to their win-loss record of the previous season”,其中,“剩余的球队”指的就是“由抽签决定的先选秀的三个球队以外的所有球队”。


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