【阅读】托福长难句每日一练(三)
发布于 4年前 作者 RC 891 次浏览 来自 其他

There are two principal influences that shape the terrain:constructive processes such as uplift, which create new landscape features, and destructive forces such as erosion,which gradually wear away exposed landforms.    托福阅读长难句类型:并列句做主语从句+插入成分本句的主句结构是一个 there be 结构,句子的主语应该是 two principal influences,主句的意思是“两个主要的影响决定了地形”,后面的标点符号用冒号,表示冒号后面使用并列句对主语进行具体解释,并在每个并列的分句中都插入了一个定语从句。省略掉两个并列分句中的由 which 引导的定语从句,并列句应当如下: There are two principal influences that shape the terrain: constructive processes such as uplift, and destructive forces such as erosion. 在并列结构中两次对称地插入了定语从句,把一个好好的句子弄得四分五裂,虽然作者的逻辑思路是清晰的,但是对同学的阅读造成了不利的影响。此类型的句子在托福阅读中出现的频率很高,同学们要多练,习惯了这种句子就会发现理解它们并不难。

译文:   主要有两种影响会改变地形:建设性的过程,如产生新的地表特征的地壳隆起;和破坏性的力量,如缓慢清除突出地貌的地表侵蚀。   托福阅读长难句意群训练:   There are two principal influences that shape the terrain: constructive processes such as uplift, which create new landscape features, and destructive forces such as erosion, which gradually wear away exposed landforms.


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