【阅读】托福长难句每日一练(二)
发布于 6年前 作者 RC 865 次浏览 来自 其他

In order for the structure to achieve the size and strength necessary to meet its purpose, architecture employs methods of support that, because they are based on physical laws, have changed little since people first discovered them—even while building materials have changed dramatically.

托福阅读长难句类型:复杂状语+复杂句子结构+插入成分+不明显的倒装+抽象名词 虽然表面看来这个句子没有什么生词,但是这个句子理解起来并不容易,因为这个句子中出现的单词都是比较抽象的单词,例如 structure, achieve, size, strength, purpose, method, 所以读句子的时候让人觉得不舒服。句子开头就是一个目的状语,但是这个状语很长,让同学们搞不清楚谁是为了实现谁。主句结构是 architecture employs methods of support,但是随后作者又用 that 引导了一个定语从句来修饰 method,并且在定语从句一开始,that 后面直接用because 引导了一个插入的句子,割裂了定语从句。所以完整的复合句是这样的:architecture employs methods of support that have changed little since people first discovered them,到此处作者仍不肯收手,用 even while 引导了最后一个从句和定语从句做对比。于是整个句子的结构就变的十分混乱了。实际上 because they are based on physical laws 在句子中位置稍作调整,同学们就可以比较清楚的理解这句话了:architecture employs methods of support that have changed little since people first discovered them, because they are based on physical laws. 所以本句意思是“建筑学上采用了一些支撑的方法,这些支撑的方法自它们被人类发现以来就鲜有变化,因为它们是建立在物理定律上的”。作者隐含的意思是物理定律不变,所以这些方法不变。

译文:   建筑结构必须达到大小和强度的要求,以实现必要的建筑目的,因此建筑学上采用一些支撑的方法,这些方法都是以物理定律为基础的,尽管建筑材料已经发生了翻天覆地的变化,这些支撑的方法却自人们发现它们以来就鲜有变化。

托福阅读长难句意群训练   In order for the structure to achieve the size and strength necessary to meet its purpose, architecture employs methods of support that, because they are based on physical laws, have changed little since people first discovered them—even while building materials have changed dramatically


更多精彩学习资料,请关注知米英语资讯平台 微信公众平台:蓝脑教育-知米英语 (微信号:ZhimiEnglish) 新浪微博: 知米英语 百度贴吧: 知米背单词吧 。.jpeg (文章来源:网络)


回到顶部