【词汇】常用政治与行政术语英文翻译
发布于 6年前 作者 罗小黑 792 次浏览 来自 其他

专八专四中常常会有一些政治类的文章,有些词汇分开认识,放在一起就傻眼了,那么我们来看看这些词汇吧。


大家仅供参考:马列主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiao-ping Theory, Jiang Zemin “Three Represent’s” important Thought   新民主主义革命new-democratic revolution   民族独立和人民解放national independence and the liberation of the people   经济体制改革和政治体制改革reforms in the economic and political structure   社会主义制度socialist system   社会变革social transformation   建设有中国特色的社会主义事业the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics   中华民族的伟大复兴the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation   党在社会主义初级阶段的基本理论、基本路线、基本纲领the basic theory, line and program of our Party in the primary stage of socialism   改革开放政策the policies of reform and opening to the outside   中国共产党十一届三中全会The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China   马克思主义政党Marxist political Party   党的第一(第二、第三)代中央领导集体the collective leadership of the Party Central Committee of the first (second/third)generation   人民民主专政the people’s democratic dictatorship   国民经济体系national economic system   综合国力aggregate national strength   国内生产总值the annual gross domestic product(GDP)   独立自主的和平外交政策an independent foreign policy of peace   马克思主义基本原理同中国具体实际相结合the fundamental principles of Marxism with the specific situation in China   加强和改进党的建设,不断增强党的创造力、凝聚力和战斗力,永葆党的生机与活力strengthen and improve Party building, continuously enhance the creativity, rallying power and combat capability of the Party, and always maintain its vigor and vitality   “三个代表”就是必须代表中国先进生产力的发展要求,代表中国先进文化的前进方向,代表中国最广大人民的根本利益,是我们党的立党之本、执政之基、力量之源,是我们党始终站在时代前列,保持先进性的根本体现和根本要求。 “Three Represent’s” shows that our Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China’s advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China’s advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China, they are the foundation for building the Party, the cornerstone for its exercise of state power and a source of its strengthen,only by doing so can we really ensure that our Party always stand in the forefront of the time and maintain its advanced nature   党的理论、路线、纲领、方针、政策Party‘s theory, line, program, principles and policies   工人阶级的先锋队the vanguard of the working class   生产力、生产关系、经济基础、上层建筑productive force, relation of production, economic base, superstructure constitute   科学技术是第一生产力science and technology are the primary productive force   社会主义物质文明和精神文明material and spiritual civilizations of socialism   有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律的公民citizens with lofty ideals, moral integrity, better education and good sense of discipline   自立意识、竞争意识、效率意识、民主法制意识和开拓创新意识self-reliance, competition, efficiency, democracy, the legal system, and the pioneering and innovative spirit   依法治国和以德治国 the rule of law and the rule of virtue   科教兴国战略the strategy of invigorating the country through science and education   倡导爱国主义、集体主义、社会主义思想,反对和抵制拜金主义、享乐主义、极端个人主义等腐朽思想   advocate patriotism, collectivism and socialism, combat and resist money worship,hedonism, ultra-egoism decadent ideas   先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐be concern about the country and the people before anything else   全心全意为人民服务、立党为公、执政为民serve the people heart and soul, work for the public and assumes power for the people   解放思想、实事求是emancipating the mind, seeking truth from the facts   主观主义、形而上学subjectivism, metaphysics   民主集中制、党内民主democratic centralism, inner-Party democracy   集体领导、民主集中、个别酝酿、会议决定   collective leadership, democratic centralism, case-specific consultation, decision through meeting   政治路线确定之后,干部就是决定因素cardres are a decisive factor, once a political line is decided   党管干部的原则the principle of the Party assuming the responsibility for cardres’ affairs   "公开、平等、竞争、择优open, fair, competition, basis of merits   公开选拔、竞争上岗the upervision of appointment and promotion of officials, and the method for official performance assessment   自重、自省、自警、自励self-discipline, self-examination, self-caution and self-motivation   以权谋私、贪赃枉法、腐败分子to abuse power for personal gains, take bribes or bend the law, corrupt elements   小康社会、小康生活well-to-do society, well-to-do life   四项基本原则Four Cardinal Principles   社会主义初级阶段the primary stage of socialism   “政治合格、军事过硬、作风优良、纪律严明、保障有力”   “gualified politically and competent militarily and that have a fine style of work, strict discipline and adequate logistic support”   “台独” taiwan’s “independence”   和平与发展peace and development   冷战cold war   世界多极化、经济全球化world multi-polarization and economic globalization   联合国宪章UN Charter   独立自主、完全平等、相互尊重、互不干涉内部事务independence, completely equality, mutual respect and non-interference in each other’s internal affairs   世界贸易组织、关贸总协定World Trade Organization /The General Agreement of Tariff and Trade   亚太经合组织Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation   世贸中心World Trade Center   恐怖主义terrorism


。.jpeg 更多精彩学习资料,请关注知米英语资讯平台 微信公众平台:蓝脑教育-知米英语 (微信号:ZhimiEnglish) 新浪微博: 知米英语 百度贴吧: 知米背单词吧 (文章来源于网络)

回到顶部