【练习】专业八级改错练习一
发布于 6年前 作者 罗小黑 686 次浏览 来自 其他

【练习】   About half of the infant and maternal deaths in developing countries could be avoided if women had used family planning methods to prevent high risk ____1   pregnancies, according to a report publishing recently by the Johns Hopking University. ____2   The report indicates that 5.6 million infant deaths and 2,000,000 maternal Deaths could be prevented this year if women chose to have theirs children ____3   within the safest years with adequate intervals among births and limited their ____4   families to moderate size.   This amounts to about half of the 9.8 million infant and 370.000 maternal deaths in developing countries, excluded China, estimated for this year by ____5   the United Nation’s Children’s Fund and the US Centers for Disease Control respectably. China was excluded because very few births occur in the high risk categories. ____6   The report says that evidences from around the world shows the risk of ____7   maternal or infant ill and death is the highest in four specific types of ____8   pregnancy; pregnancies before the mother is 18 year old; those after the ____9   mother is 35 years old; pregnancies after four births; and those lesser than two years apart.____10


【答案】   1. 将 had used 改为 used。   因为此句是虚拟语气,表示与现在事实相反,故条件从句中应使用一般过去时。例如: Many would be wise if they did not think themselves wise. 许多人原本会成为聪明人-如果他们不自以为聪明的话。   2. 将 publishing 改为 published   report和publish时逻辑动宾关系,故应使用publish的过去分词短语来修饰report。例如:   Any discovery that we may make, however small, will remain acquired knowledge. 任何可能的发现,不管多么微不足道,都将成为知识宝库中的一部分。   3. 将 theirs 改为 their   4. 将 among 改为 between   在两次怀孕期间留出足够的间隔时间,故用between。   5. 将过去分词 excluded 改为介词 excluding   excluding意为“不包括……”   6. 将 respectably 改为 respectively   respectively 意为 “分别地 ”,符合句子的意思。而respectably意为“可敬的,值得尊敬地 ”。   7. 将 evidences 改为 evidence   evidence是不可数名词。   8. 将ill改为illness   9. 将 year 改为 years   10. 将 lesser 改为 less


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