【翻译】翻译练习——中国铁路
发布于 6年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 1016 次浏览 来自 四级

翻译题目: 中国的铁路建设始于清朝(the Qing Dynasty)末年。自新中国成立后,中国的铁路得到了飞速发展。目前中国拥有仅次于美国和俄罗斯的全球第三大铁路网。在中国,铁路是国家重要的基翅设施(infrastructure)、大众化的交通工具。每逢寒暑假、节假日,总会出现“一票难求”的现象。据报道,中国将优先发展西部地区,特别是贫困地区的铁路,引导当地人民走向致富之路。

表达难点: 1.第2句“中国的铁路得到了飞速发展”如果直译为Chinese railway has developed rapidly则显平淡,此处可用see表示“(时代等)以…为特点,历经……”的意义,将其译为Chinese railway seen rapid development,这样译文更生动地道。 2.第3句中的定语“仅次于美国和俄罗斯的”较长,故将其处理成后置定语,表达为only second to the United States and Russia. 3.第5句“总会出现‘一票难求’的现象”是汉语中的无主语句,其常见的处理方式有:增添主语;译为被动语态;译成there be结抅;使用形式主语it。结合该句,可使用形式主语it,译成it is difficult to get a train ticket;或并充出主语译为Chinese travelers find it difficult to…,“一票难求”可用find it difficult to do sth.句型来表达。 4.最后一句中的“优先发展……”和“引导当地人民走向致富之路”在原文中是并列结构,但实际上后者表目的,故将其译作目的状语to lead to wealth for local people,“引导走向致富之路”用短语lead to wealth比直译为lead people to the path of wealth更简洁地道。

参考译文:   Railway construction in China began in the late Qing Dynasty. Chinese railway has seen rapid development since the founding of New China. Currently, China has the world’s third largest railway network only second to the United State and Russia. Railway is an important infrastructure of the country and a popular traffic tool. During the summer and winter vacations, and national holidays, Chinese travellers always find it difficult to get a train ticket. It is reported that China will prioritize railway development in western regions, particular the areas, to lead to wealth for local people.

来源:新东方在线

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