【语法集结】专项复习——主谓一致(上)
发布于 6年前 作者 来自外太空的鱼 2319 次浏览 来自 中考

主谓一致三原则:语法一致、意义一致和就近原则

一、 语法一致

语法一致即单数主语要用单数谓语动词,复数主语要用复数谓语动词。如:

My bike is under the tree.我的自行车在树下。

  1. and和both…and连接两个或三个名词、代词作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

①Mike and John are good friends .迈克和约翰是好朋友。

②Both bread and milk are good for you .面包和牛奶对你都有好处。

  1. 主语后接with , as well as , including , besides , except , but等词或短语时,谓语动词的数由主语的单复数形式决定。

①He with his parents is working in the fields .他正和他的父母在地里干活。

②She as well as other students likes playing computer games.她和其他学生一样,也喜欢玩电脑游戏。

  1. 当主语前有every . each . either. neither修饰或each . either. Neither作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。如:

①Every minute is important to us . 每分钟对我们都很重要。

②Each student has a book .每一个学生都有一本书。

③Each of the girls has a big apple in their hands .每一个女孩的手里都有一个苹果。

④Either answer is correct .两个答案都是正确的。

  1. 不定代词either , neither , each one , the other , another , anybody , anything , someone , nobody , nothing 等作主语时,谓语动词用单数。如:

①Somebody is waiting for you outside .有人在外面等你。

②Is everybody here today ?今天大家都到齐了吗?

  1. “a number of + 名词复数” (许多、一些)= many 作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

“the number of + 名词复数”(…的数量)作主语时, 谓语动词用单数形式。 如:

①A number of trees are cut down .许多树被砍伐。

②The number of students in our class is 45 .我们班的学生数目是45。

  1. a lot of (lots of) / plenty of +名词作主语时,谓语动词由of后的名词的单复数决定。如果of后是不可数名词,谓语动词用单数;如果of后是名词复数,谓语动词用复数。如:

①Most of time is used for playing computer games .大部分时间用来玩电脑游戏。

②Plenty of workers are working .许多工人正在工作。

  1. 不定式或v.-ing形式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

①Learning English is necessary for us .学英语对于我们来说是有必要的。

②To play with fire near a gas station is very dangerous .在加油站附近玩火很危险。


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